counties were first created by the Provincial Act of 1769. The
act divided the Province into five counties because "the holding
of sessions of the superior court of judicature solely at Portsmouth
or Exeter had rendered the administration of justice very expensive
and difficult and in some cases almost impracticable, the people being
generally not of sufficient ability to travel far." This
act defined the geographical boundaries for the Court of General Sessions
of the Peace and conferred upon the Justices the power to assess taxes
for "Building, Inspecting and Repairing all Prisons, Courthouses
and other necessary public edifices within their respective counties.
| In 1823, those
towns were detached and geographical boundaries of Hillsborough County
were defined as they exist today. The town of Amherst was established
as the county seat because it was the largest farming community.
A jail was constructed and court sessions were held in the Amherst Public
Meeting House. County officers and justices served the King of England.
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Last updated on: Monday, September 22, 2014 10:01 AM